Elementary School Track (Grade 4-5)
According to the United Nations Secretary-General’s Policy Brief, the Covid-19 pandemic has created the largest disruption of education systems in history, affecting nearly 1.6 billion learners in more than 190 countries and all continents. Closures of schools and other learning spaces have impacted 94 per cent of the world’s student population, up to 99 per cent in low and lower-middle-income countries.
The Sustainable Development Goal 4 – Quality Education aims to prevent a learning crisis for just, equal, and inclusive peaceful societies. How does the Covid-19 pandemic impact young students’ education rights and educational environment in achieving quality education? What do you think should be preceded to reach SDG 4? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answers.
Middle School Track (Grade 6-8)
There have been two different views on the impact of the Covid-19 on the global environment. The head of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has cautioned that the improved air quality or reduced greenhouse gas emissions achieved amidst the Covid-19 are positive but temporary. On the other hand, the Emissions Gap Report 2020 has indicated that the Sustainable Development Goal 13 - Climate Action as part of the Covid-19 recovery can bring the world closer to the Paris Agreement goal.
Many member states of the United Nations have pledged their carbon neutrality in a certain year, and how do you think nations can ensure both sustainable economic growth and GHG (Greenhouse Gas) reduction?
High School Track (Grade 9-12)
The global community is at a critical moment in its pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). More than a year into the global pandemic, millions of lives have been lost, the human and economic toll has been unprecedented, and recovery efforts so far have been uneven, inequitable, and insufficiently geared towards achieving sustainable development. Likewise, the pandemic is further testing multilateral and global partnerships that were already shaky. According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA), although official development assistance increased and remittance flows declined less than expected in 2020, foreign direct investment (FDI) dropped by 40 percent.
As the impact of the pandemic is leading to debt distress in many countries, the importance of an interconnected global community has been addressed in relation to the Sustainable Development Goal 17 – Partnerships for the Goals. Among the many targets of SDG 17, in what order would you rank them in importance and/or urgency? What would be the top three targets, and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answers.
The coronavirus pandemic has revealed the urgent need for resilient infrastructure. The Asian Development Bank notes that critical infrastructure in the region remains far from adequate in many countries, despite the rapid economic growth and development the region has experienced over the past decade. Thus, inclusive and sustainable industrialization, together with innovation and infrastructure, can unleash dynamic and competitive economic forces that generate employment and income.
In relation to Sustainable Development 9 – Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure, why is it important to invest in social infrastructure? In your opinion, what kind of infrastructure does your country lack the most? (Infrastructure includes international trade, research and development (R&D), energy resources, mobile network, etc.)